Around Vappu it’s a good time to discuss the relationship Finns have with alcohol. In this blog post, we’ll look at how Finnish drinking habits appear through the eyes of research, and how they might differ from those of our neighbors.
So, how much do we drink?
We have a reputation for being heavy drinkers.
We contribute to this stereotype by being drunk in public during such celebrations as Vappu, when we are abroad on our holidays, or when retelling this stereotype to visitors or newcomers. But let’s see how much we actually consume.
During the last 50 years or so, the amount of alcohol we drank per year increased until around 2008. The steepest increase in alcohol consumption happened between the end of the 1960s and the 1980s. Between the 1980s and 2008 alcohol consumption still increased but the increase wasn’t as sharp. By 2016, alcohol consumption in Finland had dropped by 15 % compared to the 2007 consumption level.
Alcohol consumption in statistics is presented as the amount of raw alcohol in liters per each person over 15 years of age.
In 1968, we drank 4.9 l per person a year, in 1977 seven liters a year per person, and by 1990 we were already knocking back 11 l per person per year. By 2005, our consumption was a whopping 12.7 l per person.
But is that a lot?
12.7. l per person certainly seems like a lot, but is that more than other nationalities?
Well, in the 1960s we were drinking less than, for example, the wine-drinking French or the beer-loving Central Europeans.
But as our consumption grew over the years, that of other countries leveled or decreased a bit. Now we drink about as much as Europeans in general, but more than people in the other Nordic countries.
So, perhaps the difference is not in how much we drink in a year but how much we drink at a time that has earned us the reputation?
Indeed, in comparison with the wine-drinking countries of Europe, we tend to drink more seldom. But when we do we drink more alcohol at a time.
So, when we Finns drink we tend to get smashed. But in that, we are not that different from the Swedes, Norwegians, Danes, or the Brits. So, Swedes, stop telling those drunken Pekka stories about us! You’re no different! You like to get hammered as well, you just do it with wine whereas we Finns…..
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What do we drink?
The stereotype is of a Finn drinking hard liquor straight from a bottle.
Well, that was true (at least the hard part) in the past, but ever since the early 1990s, we have consumed most of the alcohol we consume in the form of keskiolut. ‘Keskiolut’ means beer with an alcohol content between 2.8 and 4.7 percent by volume. 96 % of that beer is lager. If you’ve tasted Finnish lager, this might be difficult to understand.
In 2019, 48 % of the alcohol Finns consumed was beer. Wine accounted for about 19 % of all consumption, cider 4 %, mixed drinks 8 %, and hard liquor 21 %. The share of hard liquor has gradually come down even from the 1995 figures. Then, 27 % of all alcohol consumed was hard liquor.
When do we drink it?
While this blog post was inspired by Vappu, the springtime celebration when one can see plenty of drunken Finns on the streets, we actually drink mostly in private during the weekend, Saturdays in particular.
We drink in the privacy of our homes, summer houses, saunas, etc. But, when we do go to bars and nightclubs and drink our aim is to get drunk. This is not necessarily case when drinking at home.
The likelihood of a Finn dying from alcohol poisoning is highest on Vappu. If we include deaths from alcohol-related accidents, Mid-Summer is the worst with Vappu following. Christmas comes in third in both cases.
In conclusion: Finns and alcohol
What about that reputation then? Have we earned it?
Well, we have. At least in the sense that often our aim is to get drunk. We don’t tend to just drink one or two glasses of wine or beer with food. Rather, we consume alcohol in the absence of food with the explicit intent of getting drunk.
In the last decade or so, however, we have started to frown upon getting drunk more. Only about a third of us think that getting drunk is just an innocent way of having fun.
In fact, the majority of us think that being drunk brings out the worst in people. Although attitudes towards getting hammered have become less favorable, more and more of us think that drinking alcohol is a normal part of life.
Perhaps then, as the years go by, we’ll see less and less public drunkenness on Vappu and more of just having those one or two glasses with dinner.
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- Mäkelä, Pia; Härkönen, Janne; Lintonen, Tomi; Tigerstedt, Christoffer; Warpenius, Katariina 2018 (toim.): Näin Suomi juo. Suomalaisten muuttuvat alkoholinkäyttötavat. Terveyden ja hyvinvoinninlaitos THL, Helsinki.
- Terveyden ja hyvinvoinnin laitos 2020: Alkoholijuomien kulutus 2019 kuvina.
This post was edited and republished on April 29, 2020.
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